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4th U.S. Medical Unit Nurses
Welcome to the new 4th US Nurses Web Page.
We are currently constructing this page,
so please come back soon to see what's new.
This site is dedicated to the historic contribution women made
              during the American Civil War, 1861-1865.
"I worked in the field hospitals at Harpers Ferry, Nashville, Chattanooga, and Gettysburg.  I accompanied recovery parties into raging battles, caring for the wounded until they could be removed from the field."
                                                                               Sarah Dysart
After the Battle of Shiloh; “The foul air from this mass of human beings at the first made me giddy and sick, but I soon got over it.  We have to walk in blood and water, but we think nothing of it.”
                                                                                               Kate Cummings

                 Kate kept a diary of her nursing experiences and published them in 1866,
                 in "A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee."
Emma S. Edmonds, nurse and spy
Emma served as a nurse in hospitals and camps and on the battlefields while spying for the secret service, which was called the "Army of the Potomac's Bureau of Military Information." 
In fact Emma had concealed her identity and served in the Union Army,
as a male nurse, going by the name of
Frank Thompson.
This "Help Wanted" add appeared in the Richmond Dispatch, November 15, 1861, on page 2 in column 6p.


A FEMALE NURSE, at the 2d Alabama Hospital. None but colored need apply. Apply at the Tobacco Factory, corner of Franklin and 21st streets.
This request specifies "A FEMALE NURSE".   Hospital nursing was a male role until the Civil War 
created a shortage of nurses, as most of the male nurses volunteered to be soldiers. 
Poet, Walt Whitman was the most well know male nurse of the Civil War.

   June  10th, 1864, at White House Landing, Virginia.

"In the Depot Hospital we had an opportunityof witnessing the heroic and
charitable part the women of America were taking part in the war.  No Matter
how ragged  or dirty the sufferer, how hideous or revolting the wound,  alive
in many instances  with maggots,  and in every form of  putrification  and
mortification;  no matter what nation  or country  the patient belonged to; 
woman's kind,  ministering hand  was there, to wash the festering wound,
to bathe the toil-warn feet,  to comb the matted locks,  to hold the cooling  
draught to the parched lips,  or to receive the last words that fell from them 
e'er they were closed forever.  And this without reward or hire,  or expectation 
of it,  their only recompense the consiousness of obeying the mandate that
makes charity our duty,  their only reward the knowledge that they are aiding to
maintain the government and preserve the integrity of the stars and stripes."
   Maj. R.C. Eden
    37th Wis. Volunteer Infantry
You have been listening to "When the Angel Comes"
The 4th U.S. Medical Nurses
11:30 PM inside the Stevens House kitchen following a "real time"surgical reenactment.
exhaustion shows
following a marathon of
real time surgeries
performed in the
Steven's House kitchen
under pure candlelight
"The experience
  was very
  valuable for us."
last update Jan.12, 2005